Programming language Computer programming
|Paradigm||Multi-paradigm: object-oriented, procedural (imperative), functional, structured, reflective|
|Designed by||Guido van Rossum|
|Developer||Python Software Foundation|
|First appeared||20 February 1991; 30 years ago|
|Stable release||3.10.2 14 January 2022; 13 days ago|
|Preview release||3.11.0a4 Edit this on Wikidata / 14 January 2022; 13 days ago|
|Typing discipline||Duck, dynamic, strong typing; gradual (since 3.5, but ignored in CPython)|
|OS||Windows, Linux/UNIX, macOS and more|
|License||Python Software Foundation License|
|Filename extensions||.py, .pyi, .pyc, .pyd, .pyo (prior to 3.5), .pyw, .pyz (since 3.5)|
|Major implementations||CPython, PyPy, Stackless Python, MicroPython, CircuitPython, IronPython, Jython|
|Dialects||Cython, RPython, Starlark|
|Influenced by||ABC, Ada, ALGOL 68, APL, C, C++, CLU, Dylan, Haskell, Icon, Java, Lisp, Modula-3, Perl, Standard ML|
Python is an interpreted high-level general-purpose programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability with its use of significant indentation. Its language constructs as well as its object-oriented approach aim to help programmers write clear, logical code for small and large-scale projects.
Python is dynamically-typed and garbage-collected. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including structured (particularly, procedural), object-oriented and functional programming. It is often described as a "batteries included" language due to its comprehensive standard library.
Guido van Rossum began working on Python in the late 1980s, as a successor to the ABC programming language, and first released it in 1991 as Python 0.9.0. Python 2.0 was released in 2000 and introduced new features, such as list comprehensions and a cycle-detecting garbage collection system (in addition to reference counting). Python 3.0 was released in 2008 and was a major revision of the language that is not completely backward-compatible. Python 2 was discontinued with version 2.7.18 in 2020.
Python consistently ranks as one of the most popular programming languages.
Mark Lutz - Learning Python 5th edition
[[Mark Lutz - Learning Python, 5th Edition - 2013.pdf]]
Building Skills in Python